Advances in carbon nanomaterials : science and applications by Nikos Tagmatarchis PDF

By Nikos Tagmatarchis

This e-book covers the nomenclature and modeling of carbon nanomaterials, contains examples of surfaces and skinny movies of fullerenes, and examines the morphology and constitution of carbon nanotubes and the characterization of peapod fabrics due to transmission electron microscopy. It additionally offers electro-optical homes and self-assembly and enrichment in carbon nanotubes, via innovations for the chemical functionalization of carbon nanohorns and endohedral metallofullerenes. ultimately, the functions of endohedral metallofullerenes in quantum computing and of functionalized carbon nanotubes in drugs finish this attention-grabbing evaluation of the field.

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We would like to note that nanotori should only be used when the structure is perfectly closed (like the toriod geometrical solid). For those structure which are open and they are indeed coiled nanotubes where the ratio coil diameter to pitch is very large, and we suggest therefore the term circular nanotube bundles. Small diameter nanotube tori have been a playground for theoretical structural modeling, but have not been observed experimentally to date. The topological thought experiment to obtain a nanotorus is to bend an open carbon nanotube and join the two ends, resulting in a doughnut shape.

80 There are many advantages to nanocone growth by this method as compared to nanotube growth. 99% purity and no catalytic metal inclusions. 6 μm) than typically used for nanotubes, and growth occurs at room temperature. Carbon nanocones can also be synthesized by other techniques such as electric arc-discharge in helium atmosphere at reduced pressure81,82 or in liquid nitrogen,83 torch arc,84 or pulsed arcdischarge85 in open air. Radial growth of these closed nanocone aggregates can occur either with86 or without79 a metallic catalytic particle at the cluster core.

A) Carbon nanobowls such as C32 H12 (ref. 191), (b) helicine structures C30 H18 , heptahelicene (ref. 229), (c) fused polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (coronene C24 H12 ), (d) cycloparaphenylene (“carbon nanohoops”) (ref. PNG). 49 March 28, 2012 10:3 PSP Book - 9in x 6in 50 Encyclopedia of Carbon Nanoforms nanohoops” (see Fig. 27d). 226 Different ring sizes have been synthesized ([9]-, [12]- and [18]cycloparaphenylene). ” Finally we make special mention of helicines,227 a special family of helical fused polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons whose structure represents the core of a screw dislocation in graphite (Fig.

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