By Andrea S. Wiley
Highlighting the jobs of ecology, tradition, heritage, and political financial system, this e-book considers how the original mountain ecology and socio-cultural styles of the Himalayan sector of Ladakh give a contribution to a weird trend of little one mortality. It stresses the burdens of women's paintings during this zone as an important to beginning end result. An instance of a brand new style of anthropological paintings referred to as "ethnographic human biology," this research makes use of the technique of human biology yet strongly emphasizes the ethnographic context that gives that means for human organic measures.
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Additional info for An Ecology of High-Altitude Infancy: A Biocultural Perspective
On the other hand, there are widely articulated cultural ideologies suggesting that pregnant women should not work hard, and indeed should be particularly well provided with extra highly valued foods such as meats and dairy products. The extent to which women may lay claim to these beneﬁts depends on the availability of resources and the level of demand for their labor within their household. Both are inﬂuenced by season and household dynamics, among other factors. Ladakhi women, particularly Buddhist women, enjoy relatively high social status compared to women in other parts of Hindu or Muslim South Asia, and women’s status is generally thought to be correlated with positive health indices (Thaddeus and Maine 1994).
This is a very peculiar pattern of infant mortality and can only be understood by this analysis of infant ecology. The household constitutes the most relevant “microecology” of the infant, as it ﬁlters sociocultural, ecological, and historical conditions unique to Ladakh and frames the experiences of children and their caretakers. While Chapters 4 and 5 detail the experience of mothers and infants in this study, this will be put into a more global, comparative perspective in Chapter 6 to provide broader insight into the following questions Introduction 23 concerning biocultural adaptation in Ladakh: (1) How does the study of neonatal anthropometric characteristics such as birthweight, their causes and consequences, help us assess the adaptive status of the population of Ladakh?
One can attempt to modify or redistribute the stressor, or buffer the body from it by using various technologies. Resistance is an attempt at adaptation, in the sense of manipulating the social organization to enhance health or reduce morbidity or mortality. All of these strategies can be assessed by their efﬁcacy (how well do they solve the problem) and efﬁciency (what other costs do they produce). The net 14 An Ecology of High-Altitude Infancy effects of the efﬁciency and effectiveness of a response should enhance health and well-being.