By John Pohl, Adam Hook
Based on one well known photograph, the Aztec military used to be a ruthless and effective battle laptop, that validated an empire via convincingly overwhelming its pals, sacrificing millions to bloodthirsty gods alongside the best way. From a contrasting viewpoint, its local warriors have been no fit for the trendy warring equipment of Cortés' drastically outnumbered Spaniards, who decisively defeated them. the truth of the Aztec warrior's skill and effectiveness lies someplace among these extremes, as this identify makes transparent. by way of reading the reports of a hypothetical person, Cuauhtli, this meticulously researched booklet indicates that the heritage of Aztec conflict is far richer and much extra advanced than formerly understood, and divulges the shut courting among social and armed forces issues in Aztec society.
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Additional resources for Aztec Warrior: AD 1325-1521
The last chapter moves to literature and the performing arts, examining the circulation in each country of works produced in the other as well as the images of the two peoples which such works conveyed. The conclusion recapitulates themes developed throughout the text and points out that although cultural relations between Mexico and the United States continued to flourish after the mid-1930s, they did so in an altered context in which the sense of discovery characteristic of the period 192035 was absent.
By helping to organize an exhibition of modern American and French art in Mexico City in 1929, Biddle contributed to the diffusion of American culture in Mexico in the same years. The inclusion of the Mexican ambassador among the honorary patrons testifies to the interest of his government in encouraging a favorable image of Mexico in the United States and, more important, to the easing of the strained diplomatic relations that had existed between the two nations earlier in the decade. The choice of the Aztec theme for the pageant illustrates the interest of contemporary Americans, as well as Mexicans, in the preconquest civilizations of the Western Hemisphere, and the presence of a Hopi chief demonstrates the tendency to link the Native Americans of the United States with those of central Mexico.
This renaissance was strongly nationalistic in orientation and was based on the exaltation of Mexico's indigenous and popular traditions in the arts. Historian Daniel Cosío Villegas later recalled that what was "truly marvelous" about the early 1920s was the "nationalist explosion" that occurred throughout the country. 34 National songs and dances became fashionable overnight, and every home had examples of popular crafts, a gourd from Olinalá or a pot from Oaxaca. This nationally rooted renaissance entailed a repudiation, explicit or implicit, of the aesthetic values attributed to the Díaz era, whose elites were accused of despising national arts while slavishly admiring all that was foreign.