By Traian Stoianovich
Encompassing the interval from the Neolithic period to the afflicted current, this booklet reviews the peoples, societies and cultures of the world positioned among the Adriatic Sea within the west and the Black Sea within the east, among the Alpine area and Danube basin within the north and the Aegean Sea within the south. this isn't a traditional historical past of the Balkans. Drawing upon archaeology, anthropology, economics, psychology and linguistics in addition to background, the writer has tried a "total background" that integrates as many as attainable of the avenues and different types of the Balkan event.
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Additional info for Balkan Worlds: The First and Last Europe
255-59; Sugar,Industrialization0/Bosnia-Hercegovina,pp. 129--38, 160-61,211-12; Sweet-Escott,Greece,pp. 94, 124, 178; Turrill, The Plant Lifo 0/ the Balkan Peninsula,pp. 135-216;Zagoroff, Vegh, and Billimovich, The Agricultural Economyo/the DanubianCountries,p. 239. 2 27 28 BALKAN WORLDS Serbiancase,severalestimatesdepict a less sharpdecline of forests during the nineteenthcentury than shown in the table and thereforea less notablerecovery in the twentieth. Part of the problem stems from the insuperabledifficulty of arriving at a preciseand universallysatisfactorydefinition ofa forest.
I V CentralEuropean Alps. 1 . Rock Structures and Mountain Systems and the Balkan Neolithic and Medieval Cultures 17 18 BALKAN WORLDS Bulgarians,the preparationof which may require as much as six kilograms of salt to a hundredheadof cabbage. 2 kilograms,constitutingone-thirdof the per capitavegetable consumptionin the country. 51 The storageand boiling of cultivated foods createda needfor containersand may have been a significant stimulus to the making of pottery-potsfor Neolithic man'ssoups,cereals,and otherfood that hadto be cookedor stored.
The practicehad becomea children'sgameor a spectator'sdelight. The traditional ritual fire was a special fire variously known as the living, sacred,or divine fire. It was producedin severalway~asically, way~asically, however,by the Paleolithic methodof rubbing two piecesof wood. In the Balkans,the common wood was hazel,willow, oak, linden, or dogberry. Of an apotropaic nature, the fire rites assumeddifferent forms. In some places,the fire was madeon a specialday of eachyear. 33 The making of a living fire, or needfire, was generally precededby the quenchingof the old fires and followed by the lighting of the hearthswith the new fire.