Read e-book online Border Crossings: Mexican and Mexican-American Workers PDF

By John Mason Hart

The background of Mexican and Mexican-American operating periods has been segregated by way of the political boundary that separates the USA of the United States from the U.S. of Mexico. for that reason, students have lengthy neglected the social, cultural, and political threads that the 2 teams carry in universal. extra, they've got seldom addressed the influence of yank values and firms at the operating type of that state. Compiled through one of many top North American specialists at the Mexican Revolution, the essays in Border Crossings: Mexican and Mexican-American staff discover the historic method at the back of the formation of the Mexican and Mexican- American operating sessions. the quantity connects the historical past in their reviews from the cultural beginnings and the increase of industrialism in Mexico to the overdue 20th century within the U.S. Border Crossings notes the same social reviews and methods of Mexican employees in either nations, group formation and neighborhood agencies, their mutual relief efforts, the pursuits of individuals among Mexico and Mexican-American groups, the jobs of girls, and the formation of political teams. eventually, Border Crossings addresses the specific stipulations of Mexicans within the usa, together with the production of a Mexican-American center category, the influence of yank racism on Mexican groups, and the character and evolution of border cities and the borderlands.

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Extra resources for Border Crossings: Mexican and Mexican-American Workers (Latin American Silhouettes)

Example text

Whatever the designs of Carmen Romero Rubio, who accepted the status of "role model" for working-class women, they responded to the new conditions that they encountered in the factories. As they mobilized, they transcended the roles imagined for them by the state and their employers. When their unions demanded special protection for the Native Americans of Mexico, they reflected the ever widening experience of the membership. By 1900 the meaning of the term "feminine" had irretrievably changed among the working class and was still evolving.

They further developed mutual aid, practiced in pre-Conquest Tenochtitlán of the Aztecs, to establish formal societies that guaranteed support to the membership in case of personal calamities. Mexican artisans, masters, journeymen, and apprentices learned the metal, textile, and leatherworking skills of their Spanish counterparts during the era of the Conquest and carried forward those skills, educational processes, and mutual assistance practices into the period following independence. During the last third of the nineteenth century, union members united the mutual aid practices of the earlier guild workshops and patios with liberal, anarchist, and socialist political consciousness into the factories of the industrial age.

At Teotihuacán and later in the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlán and the other cities of Mexico, the working class formed its familial workshops together with their living spaces as parts of larger Page 3 designs that centered on community plazas and squares where the general citizenry came together. The planning of cities and their architecture paralleled the organization of human beings. Larger communities reflected the underlying system of personal, familial, and communal interactions found in the workshops.

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