Download e-book for iPad: Constitutional Engineering in Brazil: The Politics of by Celina Souza

By Celina Souza

The booklet investigates why a rustic dealing with matters that had to be tackled national selected to decentralize while it moved from authoritarianism to democracy. It discusses the occasions of the Brazilian constituent meeting and investigates the result of decentralization on the subnational sphere. the implications recommend that there has been a scarcity of social consensus on what was once to be completed through decentralization. They recommend that political and fiscal components impact the results of decentralization, therefore exposing the bounds of decentralization on coverage results.

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Extra info for Constitutional Engineering in Brazil: The Politics of Federalism and Decentralization

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This concept was developed by Burgess (1993b) filling a gap in the federalism literature, more concerned with the practicalities of territorial and governmental arrangements. Burgess (1993b: 104) defined political ideology as 'values, attitudes, beliefs and interests which combine to furnish action with purpose and commitment'. This definition does not imply the inclusion of moral principles such as freedom and democracy, but rather that values reflect interests. Therefore, the advocacy of federalism is the pursuit of self-interest.

Although penalized in their tax resources, the states kept room to maneuver because they were used by the military as providers of legitimacy (Medeiros, 1986). On the opposite side, some studies eyed the political and financial dependence of subnational governments as a breakdown of the federation and of federalism (Lordello de Mello, 1976 and most ofIBAM's publications in that period) or at least as an example of formalistic federation, masking the reality of a unitary state (Selcher, 1989). By the end of the 1970s, the fissures in the military regime became apparent.

The political transitions in most nation-states happened with ruptures from the preceding regime, but in Brazil these transitions generally occurred whilst maintaining many characteristics of the preceding regime. 1 are related to the distribution of power between levels of government, and are connected to political and financial strength. Reviewing Brazilian federalism from the viewpoint of intergovernmental relations, one can say that the country started in 1891 as an 'isolated' federation because there were few constitutional and practical links between the levels of government.

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