By Hans C. Buechler
Examines the privatization of agriculture in jap Germany considering the fact that 1989.
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Extra resources for Contesting Agriculture: Cooperativism and Privatization in the New Eastern Germany (S U N Y Series in the Anthropolgy of Work)
They pointed out that the cooperatives did not have to start afresh, they were in possession of all the old assets and therefore did not have to take on all the new debts. Since the banks appeared to be particularly reluctant to lend money to agricultural enterprises, the money they felt that the cooperative still owed them was a particularly sore point. As the junior Mr. Feldmann explained, “After twenty-one years, I would at least like to get back the 2,700 marks per hectare of land that the farmers from Type I cooperatives (where only agricultural land was pooled) had to pay when they (were forced to) join Type III IDENTITIES 31 cooperatives (those where both land and herds were pooled).
Werner and other cooperative managers regarded as an important qualification that have enabled them to run the farms under the new conditions. Mr. Werner, like other cooperative managers, stressed his previous role as a leader in his community, a role that he still upholds, but more in the narrower arena of the cooperative itself. These managers regarded as one of their principal goals the conservation of jobs in the face of massive rural unemployment occasioned by the need to compete in a capitalist system.
The Feldmanns, then, shared a cadre background with the cooperative managers as did most of our other informants from eastern Germany who established private farms or father-son partnerships. They brought to bear a background of specialization in specific aspects of agriculture but also experience engaging in more varied aspects of individual farming. The Feldmanns, like many of their peers we interviewed, had once been private farmers before they were forced to join collectives or had joined them voluntarily.