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Extra info for Corpus-based Analyses of the Problem-Solution Pattern: A phraseological approach (Studies in Corpus Linguistics, SCL 29)
By/for whom the text is produced, what is its subject matter), which could be regarded as somewhat subjective. On the other hand, Williams (2002) sees one way round this dilemma by making a case for using internal selection criteria based on lexical items, which he argues is a more objective means of ensuring the representativity of specialized corpora. e. the compiler has to fall back on non-probability sampling techniques involving “judgement” and “convenience” (Meyer 2002: 44). That being said, it is a sine qua non that a specialized corpus should be of adequate size such that there is a sufficient number of occurrences of a linguistic structure or pattern to ensure representativeness for validating a hypothesis.
Widdowson takes Fairclough (1995) to task for assigning the co-occurrence of ‘flock’ and ‘people’ a passive signification only through an intuitive inclination for linking ‘flock’ with ‘sheep’. Widdowson (2004: 110) concludes that: ‘CDA might more profitably draw on an approach to linguistic description that deals with texts in their entirety and takes explicit account of cotextual relations. Corpus analysis is just such an approach…’; the corpus-based CDA research of O’Halloran and Coffin bears out this statement and points the way for future interdisciplinary research.
See also McEnery and Wilson (2001: 63–66), for a detailed 25 26 Corpus-based Analyses of Problem-Solution Pattern discussion on corpus representativeness. In respect of this issue, it is well to heed the words of Tognini-Bonelli (2001: 57): ‘We should always bear in mind that the assumption of representativeness “must be regarded largely as an act of faith” (Leech 1991: 27), as at present we have no means of ensuring it, or even evaluating it objectively (see also Sinclair 1991: 9). e. by/for whom the text is produced, what is its subject matter), which could be regarded as somewhat subjective.