By Sharon N. Barnartt
Half and parcel to the civil rights routine of the prior thirty years has been a sustained, coordinated attempt between disabled americans to safe equivalent rights and equivalent entry to that of nondisabled humans. Sharon Barnartt and Richard Scotch's new publication deals an incisive, sociological research of thirty years of protests, association, and legislative victories in the deaf and disabled populations. The authors commence with a considerate attention of what constitutes "contentious" politics and what distinguishes a sustained social stream from remoted acts of protest. The numbers of incapacity rights protests are meticulously catalogued, revealing major raises in either cross-disability activities in addition to disability-specific activities. Political rancor inside of incapacity groups is addressed to boot, together with the thorny query of who's "deaf adequate" or "disabled sufficient" to thoroughly characterize their constituencies. incapacity Protests concludes via reviewing the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, and the 1988 Deaf President Now protest, targeting how those landmark occasions affected their proponents. incapacity Protests bargains a completely unique sociological standpoint at the rising stream for deaf and incapacity rights.
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Extra resources for Disability Protests: Contentious Politics, 1970 - 1999
The numbers of people who lived in institutions for mentally retarded people increased dramatically, from almost 117,000 in 1946 to over 193,000 by 1967 (Trent, 1994: 251). This change was, in part, fueled by advice from medical professionals to parents to "put [your] retarded children away and forget about them" (Trent, 1994:241). In addition, the population of these institutions changed from being one of primarily juvenile delinquents to one that included younger children, more severely impaired children, and adults (Trent, 1994: 252).
The Deaf Mute, began at the North Carolina Institution for the Deaf and Blind in 1849. By the end of the century as many as fifty residential schools published newspapers (Van Cleve and Crouch, 1989: 98), which included information of general interest to deaf people, such as advice and personal news, as well as news about activities specific to that school. But they also included articles aimed at hearing people, which portrayed deaf people s accomplishments and discussed incidents of perceived discrimination against deaf workers.
THE 1960S AND BEYOND The 1960s saw the emergence of the "social movement society" in America (Meyer and Tarrow, 1998). During this period protests intensified in the civil rights movement and early protests began in the women's liberation movement, the first protest for which occurred in 1966 (Minkoff, 1997). The 1960s also sparked the student movement (which began with the free speech movement at the University of California, Berkeley) and the anti-war movement. The turbulent decade had a significant influence on members of the disability and deaf communities.