Download e-book for kindle: The Truest Form of Patriotism: Pacifist Feminism in Britain, by Heloise Brown

By Heloise Brown

This ebook explores the pervasive effect of pacifism on Victorian feminism. Drawing on formerly unused resource fabric, it presents an account of Victorian ladies who campaigned for peace and the numerous feminists who integrated pacifist principles into their writing on ladies and women's paintings. It explores feminists' principles in regards to the function of ladies in the empire, their eligibility for citizenship and their skill to behave as ethical guardians in public existence. Brown exhibits that such principles made use--in various ways--of gendered understandings of the function of strength and the relevance of arbitration and different pacifist concepts. Brown examines the paintings of quite a lot of members and businesses, from famous feminists equivalent to Lydia Becker, Josephine Butler and Millicent Garrett Fawcett, to lesser-known figures corresponding to the Quaker pacifists Ellen Robinson and Priscilla Peckover.

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Extra info for The Truest Form of Patriotism: Pacifist Feminism in Britain, 1870-1902 (Gender in History)

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In 1870, Fawcett criticised the general objection that men and women should have different political rights because they possessed differences in strength. 27 In her 1873 response to Stephen, Fawcett discussed his account of marital relations in some detail, but without relating this to the specific question of force. His points on the supremacy of the husband over the wife were met by Fawcett with the argument that this effectively gave wives legal immunity if they carried out murder on their husband’s instructions, and his comparison of marriage relations with those of employment was met with the statement that wives did not have the same means to dissolve their contracts as did employees.

Ibid. (27 October 1898), p. 271. For a discussion of the formation of the MWPA, see Heloise Brown, ‘ “The gentle process of womanly sympathies”? The founding of the Manchester Women’s Peace Association’, Women’s History Notebooks, 8:1 (Summer 2001), pp. 21–30. 43 ‘ the truest form of patriotism ’ 3 ‘Conspicuous’ philanthropists:1 nonconformist religion in nineteenth-century pacifism he role of nonconformist religion in the early feminist movement has been widely acknowledged. From the Unitarian Caroline Ashurst Biggs, to the Quaker Priestman and Bright family networks, feminist politics developed in significant part within the context of nonconformity.

34 feminist journals Henrietta Müller was a member of the younger breed of women whom Judith Walkowitz has termed a ‘transitional generation’, which was already enjoying the benefits won by the women’s movement of the 1860s and 1870s, but was also committed to working for more concrete gains. Müller, the daughter of a German businessman and sister of Eva Müller (who married Walter McLaren), perhaps epitomised the image of the ‘Glorified Spinster’, the woman possessing an independent income who chose not to marry.

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